All about Thyroid

Zumba Fitness at Kemps Corner with Zumba Fitness Instructor ZIN Swetha Jairam
7:00 pm - 8:00 pm
Wed
March 29, 2017
Zumba classes at kemps corner
Research Expert Panel Member ZIN Swetha Jairam
 
 

What Is Thyroid Gland?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. It produces hormones that control the speed of your metabolism — the system that helps the body use energy. Thyroid disorders can slow down or rev up your metabolism by disrupting the production of thyroid hormones. When hormone levels become too low or too high, you may experience a wide range of symptoms.Zumba Fitness Mumbai will help you to get acquainted with the facts of thyroid,” All about thyroid ” consist of following topics:-Symptoms,Causes and Treatment

ALL ABOUT THYROID

SYMPTOMS OF THYROID

  • Weight Gain or Loss
    An unexplained change in weight is one of the most common signs of a thyroid disorder. Weight gain may signal low levels of thyroid hormones, a condition called hypothyroidism. In contrast, if the thyroid produces more hormones than the body needs, you may lose weight unexpectedly. This is known as hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is far more common.


  • Swelling in the Neck
    A swelling or enlargement in the neck is a visible clue that something may be wrong with the thyroid. A goiter may occur with either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Sometimes swelling in the neck can result from thyroid cancer or nodules, lumps that grow inside the thyroid. It can also be due to a cause unrelated to the thyroid.

  • Changes in Heart Rate
    Thyroid hormones affect nearly every organ in the body and can influence how quickly the heart beats. People with hypothyroidism may notice their heart rate is slower than usual. Hyperthyroidism may cause the heart to speed up. It can also trigger increased blood pressure and the sensation of a pounding heart, known as heart palpitations.

  • Hair Loss
    Hair loss is another sign that your thyroid hormones may be out of balance. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can cause hair to fall out. In most cases, the hair will grow back once the thyroid disorder is treated.

  • Feeling Too Cold or Hot
    Thyroid disorders can disrupt the ability to regulate body temperature. People with hypothyroidism may feel cold more often than usual. Hyperthyroidism tends to have the opposite effect, causing excessive sweating and an aversion to heat.

  • Changes in Energy or Mood
    Thyroid disorders can have a noticeable impact on your energy level and mood. Hypothyroidism tends to make people feel tired, sluggish, and depressed. Hyperthyroidism can cause anxiety, problems sleeping, restlessness, and irritability.

All about thyroid-Zumba Fitness Mumbai

Get to know some facts about thyroid

 

Other Symptoms of Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism

Dry skin and brittle nails

Numbness or tingling in the hands

Constipation

Abnormal menstrual periods

Hyperthyroidism

Muscle weakness or trembling hands

Vision problems

Diarrhea

Irregular menstrual periods

Other Causes of Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism

In some cases, hypothyroidism results from a problem with the pituitary gland, which is at the base of the brain. This gland produces thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which tells the thyroid to do its job. If your pituitary gland does not produce enough TSH, your levels of thyroid hormones will fall. Other causes of hypothyroidism include temporary inflammation of the thyroid or medications that affect thyroid function. Hashimoto's Disease The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's disease. This is an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks the thyroid gland.

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism can also result from thyroid nodules. These are lumps that develop inside the thyroid and sometimes begin producing thyroid hormones. Large lumps may create a noticeable goiter. Smaller lumps can be detected with ultrasound. Graves' Disease The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease. This is an autoimmune disorder that attacks the thyroid gland and triggers the release of high levels of thyroid hormones. One of the hallmarks of Graves' disease is a visible and uncomfortable swelling behind the eyes.

Treating Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism

If you are diagnosed with hypothyroidism, your doctor will most likely prescribe thyroid hormones in the form of a pill. This usually leads to noticeable improvements within a couple of weeks. Long-term treatment can result in more energy, lower cholesterol levels, and gradual weight loss. Most people with hypothyroidism will need to take thyroid hormones for the rest of their lives.

Hyperthyroidism

The most common treatment for hyperthyroidism is antithyroid medication, which aims to lower the amount of hormones produced by the thyroid. The condition may eventually go away, but many people need to remain on medication for the long term. Other drugs may be given to reduce symptoms such as rapid pulse and tremors. Another option is radioactive iodine, which destroys the thyroid gland over the course of 6 to 18 weeks.

By Sports Nutritionist Ruchi Shah

"Due to sacroiliac problems, I had great difficulty walking and with other physical difficulties. I was fortunate to have become acquainted with Swetha Jairam. Under her training, I have improved remarkably. With her experience in physical fitness, she can adjust her exercise programs to any age group -- including my own. She is talented, knowledgeable and skilled, young lady. I can recommend her highly without any reservations."
Sushma Reddy ~ Housewife
Feedback of Happy Clients - Zumba Fitness in Mumbai