Dyslexia at a Glance
Dyslexia, The disorder in children
Dyslexia, The disorder in children is the most common learning disability and persists throughout life. The severity of dyslexia can vary from mild to severe.
What is Dyslexia?Dyslexia, The disorder in children is the name for specific learning disabilities in reading. Dyslexia is often characterized by difficulties with accurate word recognition, decoding and spelling. Dyslexia may result in poor reading fluency and reading out loud. Dyslexia is neurological and often genetic.
Warning signs of Dyslexia
- Recognizing letters, matching letters to sounds and blending sounds into speech
- Pronouncing words, for example saying “mawn lower” instead of “lawn mower”
- Learning and correctly using new vocabulary words.
- Learning the alphabet, numbers, and days of the week or similar common word sequences.
- Mastering the rules of spelling
- Remembering facts and numbers
- Handwriting or with gripping a pencil
- Learning and understanding new skills; instead, relying heavily on memorization
- Reading and spelling, such as reversing letters (d, b) or moving letters around (left, felt)
- Following a sequence of directions
- Trouble with word problems in math
Teenagers and Adults
- Reading at the expected level
- Understanding non-literal language, such as idioms, jokes, or proverbs
- Reading aloud
- Organizing and managing time
- Trouble summarizing a story
- Learning a foreign language
How Is Dyslexia Treated?With help from a tutor, teacher, or other trained professional, almost all people with dyslexia can become good readers and writers. Use the following strategies to help to make progress with dyslexia.
- Expose your child to early oral reading, writing, drawing, and practice to encourage development of print knowledge, basic letter formation, recognition skills and linguistic awareness (the relationship between sound and meaning).
- Include multi-sensory, structured language instruction. Practice using sight, sound and touch when introducing new ideas.
- Seek modifications in the classroom. This might include extra time to complete assignments, help with note taking, oral testing and other means of assessment.
- Reading and writing are key skills for daily living. However, it is important to also emphasize other aspects of learning and expression. Like all people, those with dyslexia enjoy activities that tap into their strengths and interests. For example, people with dyslexia may be attracted to fields that do not emphasize language skills. Examples are design, art, architecture, engineering.
By Ruchi Shah