Dyslexia, The disorder in children

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Fri
March 24, 2017
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Research Expert Panel Member ZIN Swetha Jairam
 
 

Dyslexia at a Glance

Dyslexia, The disorder in children

Dyslexia, The disorder in children is the most common learning disability and persists throughout life. The severity of dyslexia can vary from mild to severe.

Effects of Dyslexia

Dyslexia, the learning disability


  • What is Dyslexia?
    Dyslexia, The disorder in children is the name for specific learning disabilities in reading. Dyslexia is often characterized by difficulties with accurate word recognition, decoding and spelling. Dyslexia may result in poor reading fluency and reading out loud. Dyslexia is neurological and often genetic.

What Are the Effects of Dyslexia?
Dyslexia can affect people differently. Some with dyslexia can have trouble with reading and spelling, while others struggle to write. Some children show few signs of difficulty with early reading and writing. Dyslexia can also make it difficult for people to express themselves clearly. It can be hard for them to use vocabulary and to structure their thoughts during conversation. Others struggle to understand when people speak to them. This isn't due to hearing problems. Instead, it's from trouble processing verbal information. It becomes even harder with abstract thoughts and non-literal language, such as jokes and proverbs.
All of these effects can have a big impact on a person's self-image. Without help, children often get frustrated with learning. The stress of dealing with schoolwork often makes children with dyslexia lose the motivation to continue and overcome the hurdles they face.
How Dyslexia affects your life?

Effects of Dyslexia

  • Warning signs of Dyslexia

    Young Children

    Trouble With:

    • Recognizing letters, matching letters to sounds and blending sounds into speech
    • Pronouncing words, for example saying “mawn lower” instead of “lawn mower”
    • Learning and correctly using new vocabulary words.
    • Learning the alphabet, numbers, and days of the week or similar common word sequences.
    • Rhyming.

    School-Age Children

    Trouble With:

    • Mastering the rules of spelling
    • Remembering facts and numbers
    • Handwriting or with gripping a pencil
    • Learning and understanding new skills; instead, relying heavily on memorization
    • Reading and spelling, such as reversing letters (d, b) or moving letters around (left, felt)
    • Following a sequence of directions
    • Trouble with word problems in math

    Teenagers and Adults

    Trouble With:

    • Reading at the expected level
    • Understanding non-literal language, such as idioms, jokes, or proverbs
    • Reading aloud
    • Organizing and managing time
    • Trouble summarizing a story
    • Learning a foreign language
    • Memorizing 
How is Dyslexia identified?
Trained professionals can identify dyslexia using a formal evaluation. This looks at a person's ability to understand and use spoken and written language. It looks at areas of strength and weakness in the skills that are needed for reading. It also takes into account many other factors. These include: 1)Family history 2)Intellect 3)Educational background 4)Social environment.


  • How Is Dyslexia Treated?
    With help from a tutor, teacher, or other trained professional, almost all people with dyslexia can become good readers and writers. Use the following strategies to help to make progress with dyslexia.

    • Expose your child to early oral reading, writing, drawing, and practice to encourage development of print knowledge, basic letter formation, recognition skills and linguistic awareness (the relationship between sound and meaning).
    • Include multi-sensory, structured language instruction. Practice using sight, sound and touch when introducing new ideas.
    • Seek modifications in the classroom. This might include extra time to complete assignments, help with note taking, oral testing and other means of assessment.
    • Reading and writing are key skills for daily living. However, it is important to also emphasize other aspects of learning and expression. Like all people, those with dyslexia enjoy activities that tap into their strengths and interests. For example, people with dyslexia may be attracted to fields that do not emphasize language skills. Examples are design, art, architecture, engineering.


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